In the previous post, we learned that Peter deserted grace
and returned to the law for righteousness.
He reverted to the law, following its mandate for a Jew to
not mix with the Gentiles so the nation of Israel would not abandon God by
following the false gods of the Gentile nations.
They were not to eat with or marry Gentiles.
The nation of Israel was to be a light to the Gentiles by
revealing the truth about God.
When Jesus came, he was the light to the Gentiles.
Through his death, Jesus ended the Law of Moses, enabling
Jews and Gentiles to assemble in on body.
As we have discovered, the Galatian people at one time fully and joyfully embraced grace and where thankful to Paul for teaching them about grace.
It filled them with joy to know that righteousness (being clean and pure before God, declared innocent of breaking the Ten Commandments, thus enabling them to have eternal life in God’s kingdom) was by grace through faith in Jesus.
Yet, when certain men came to Galatia from Jerusalem, they convinced the Galatian people that righteousness was not given by God as a free gift but must be earned by following the Law of Moses.
In trying to convince the Galatian people that righteousness comes by grace through faith in Jesus and not by following the Law of Moses, Paul needed to establish his credibility so the people would believe what he was teaching.
To do this, he shared some of his personal testimony about his journey from law to grace, from Judaism to Jesus.
Paul was raised in Judaism which are the demands, duties, diets, and days of the Law of Moses.
Paul’s father was a Pharisee.
A Pharisee’s life was dedicated to strictly observing all 600 plus laws and rituals of Judaism so he could become righteous before God and enter into the kingdom of God.
Paul was under much pressure to reverse his message of grace so he would not be rejected by the people of Galatia and the religious leaders who came from Jerusalem preaching a different message.
Before those from Jerusalem came to Galatia, preaching that righteousness came by following the Law of Moses, the people of Galatia loved Paul and joyfully welcomed him into their community as if Paul was an angel of God or Christ Jesus himself (Galatians 4:13-14).
They took care of him as he suffered with an eye illness.
In Galatians, we see Paul passionately standing up for the gospel of grace as he boldly confronted the false teachers who opposed the fullness of the gospel of grace and who taught obedience to the law was required for righteousness.
Concerning these false teachers, Paul emphatically states:
“If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you embraced, let him be under a curse!” (Galatians 1:9)
However in 2 Timothy, Paul gave Timothy the following instructions about responding to those who have a partial knowledge of the truth about Jesus but who oppose the full teaching of the gospel of grace (all that God has done for us in Christ to fully reconcile us to himself, forgive us for all our sins, and to freely provide righteousness for us as a gift, which we receive by faith in Jesus).
After identifying himself as the writer of the letter to the Galatians,
Paul describes himself as an apostle.
In the Greek language, the word apostle means one who is sent on a mission with a message.
Paul emphatically writes that no group of men or a man sent him, but it was Jesus Christ and God the Father who sent him.
Paul’s message was given to him directly from Jesus (Acts 20:24; Galatians 1:11; Ephesians 3:2-4).
What was the message Jesus gave him?
The message given to him by Jesus was the gospel of grace (Acts 20:24).
Paul, in Galatians 1:1, identifies himself as the writer of the letter to the Galatians.
Before coming to faith in Jesus, Paul was a Pharisee.
His dad was a Pharisee.
As a Pharisee, Paul was wholeheartedly committed to obeying the law of Moses, believing that if he obeyed, he would become righteous (clean and pure before God, completely accepted by God).
That is until he met Jesus, and grace was poured out abundantly upon Paul.
This outpouring of grace transformed Paul’s life.
With this encounter with Jesus and experience of grace, Paul learned that righteousness does not come by following the law of Moses but comes only by grace through faith in Jesus.
Galatians is the second letter written in the New Testament (AD 49).
The letter to the Galatians was written by Paul after he established several grace-based churches in the region of Galatia (modern day Turkey).
These churches were established in the cities of Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe (Acts 13:13-14:1-20).
Paul’s message in these cities was that a right standing before God (forgiveness and righteousness) came by grace through faith in Jesus alone and not by following the days, diets, duties, and demands of the law of Moses (Acts 13:38-39).
An often quoted verse is 2 Timothy 2:15, which says:
“Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.”
Let’s take a look at this verse in context.
The author is Paul.
The recipient is Timothy.
Timothy was the Pastor/Teacher of the church in Ephesus (1 Timothy 1:3).
Paul wrote an earlier letter to Timothy while Timothy was in Ephesus (1 Timothy).
In this letter, Paul explained why he wanted Timothy to remain in Ephesus: “...to command certain men not to teach false doctrines
1 Corinthians 15:22 says,
“For as in Adam all die, so
in Christ all will be made alive.”
Nobody wants to die.
Yet everybody dies.
But the good news is that “in
Christ” all will be made alive!
What does this mean?
What is Paul, the writer of 1
Corinthians, writing about when he says, “For as in Adam all die, so in Christ
all will be made alive”?
Let’s take a look at the
Some in Corinth were
believers in Christ, his death, and resurrection, but not believers in the
resurrection of those who belonged to Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:12).